In order to optimise the technological programs of CNC milling machines, reduce the occupational exposure to harmful wood dust emissions and decrease the associated occupational exposure risks in the wood-processing industry, a researched was conducted to determine the particle size composition of wood dust emission from CNC milling of natural wood and medium-density fibreboard (MDF). Besides, the effect of the technical-technological parameters, namely, feed speed and depth of cut on the particle size distribution, was also investigated, By Richard Kminiak, Lubos Kristak and Roman Reh, Technical University in Zvolen, Martin Kučerka and Alena Očkajová, Matej Bel University, Petar Antov, University of Forestry in Bulgaria, Tomasz Rogoziński, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Marta Pędzik, Poznan University of Life Sciences and Wood Technology Institute in Poland

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A lot of waste is generated when cutting panels to size. If cutting plans are created with simple software tools or even by hand, a lot of savings potential remains unused. Professional software solutions such as AutoPanelSizer help to minimise waste and optimise workflows. By Thomas Reuke, senior software developer, Fraunhofer SCAI

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As a result of intensive robotisation over the past decade, employees have been constantly experiencing job insecurity, a term which refers to the perceived threat of job loss and the worries related to this threat. Quantitative data were collected in a survey of robotised production line operators working in the furniture sector in Lithuania. As predicted, the results revealed that job insecurity had a negative impact on happiness at work as a higher-order construct and all of its dimensions. By Zivile Stankeviciute, Egle Stganiskiene and Joana Ramanauskaite, Kaunas University of Technology

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In order to increase the surface roughness, enhance the wettability of thermal wood and the adhesive strength of the glue in the production of wood block furniture panels, studies were carried out to measure the contact angle of wettability of thermally modified wood samples of pine. In connection with the results obtained, the improved technology for the production of furniture boards for the manufacture of moisture-resistant wood products is proposed. By Ruslan Rushanovich Safin, Aigul Ravilevna Shaikhutdinova, Ruslan Khasanshin, Shamil Mukhametzyanov, Albina Safina, Kazan National Research Technological University

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Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) is becoming increasingly important as a means of maximising and optimising the value (economic, engineering, utilitarian, etc.) of every tree that comes from the forest. Much of the work has been completed in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory as well as the Agricultural Research Service with the overall intent of improving lumber and wood products standards and valuation. Thus, the future impact of NDE needs to be strengthened. By R Dan Seale, Rubin Shmulsky and Frederico Jose Nistal Franca, Forest and Wildlife Research Center, Mississippi State University

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The built environment is one of the greatest contributors to carbon emissions, climate change, and to the unsustainable pressure on the natural environment and its ecosystems. The use of more timber in construction is one possible response, but a global encouragement of such a strategy raises some difficult questions. Existing evidence points indeed towards timber as the lower carbon option when modelled through life cycle assessment without having to draw on arguments around carbon storage, although issues remain. By Jim Hart and Francesco Pomponi, Edinburgh Napier University

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Edge Banding has given rise to many an opportunity to various departments which cater and feeds a number of human heads. These days, one must also consider market conditions and must be prepared to face the worst due to COVID 19 pandemic. There still seems to a lot of scope left for the improvisation and development of the Edge materials, machine design, quality, workability, feasibility and various other aspects involved in the trade. By SHIV KUMAR SHET, consultant from Ferwood Srl & Mishma Engineers

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This article was aimed at identifying opportunities for cleaner production (CP) from the process flow analysis of a furniture manufacturing company located in the municipality of Palhoça in Brazil. In addition, the association of CP to process flows would be a preventive measure leads to a new connection between process optimisation and environmental performance. By Patrícia Soares Lins, Rita Dione Araujo Cunha, Asher Kiperstok and Sandro Fábio César, Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Áurea Luiza Rosa e Silva Quixabeira Rapôso, Federal Institute of Alagoas (IFAL) 

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Several studies have shown the economic value of various ecosystem services provided by the forest. However, the economic value of how site-specific ecological conditions interact with other functions provided by the forest. As a result, a numerical discrete dynamic optimisation model was constructed to estimate the economic value of site quality, taking into account its interaction with timber value and carbon sequestration, in Swedish forests. By Ing-Marie Gren, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Franklin Amuakwa-Mensah, University of Gothenburg

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The forest-based bioproduct field has diversified into the chemical, medical, energy, nanoproduct, and construction material sectors. This paper argues that forest-based bioeconomy has kept the focus on conventional products and new bioproducts have primarily been developed as extensions to existing product portfolios due to a lock-in mechanism, i.e., a state where an economy gradually locks itself to a dominant market position due to technical interrelatedness, economies of scale, and quasi-irreversibility of investment. By Jukka Luhas, Mirja Mikkilä, Ville Uusitalo and Lassi Linnanen, LUT University

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